The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's designs fr.. A tour through the historic buildings of Peter and Paul Fortress, St. Petersburg, in winter. It is very hard to miss the impressive battlements of the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg. More than 5 meters of perfect masonry and mortar hide a wealth of Russian history The SS. Peter and Paul Cathedral was for a long time the tallest building in St. Petersburg. So from the top you will be able to get excellent views of the city. While we’re on the subject, the tallest building in St. Petersburg today is the Lakhta Center, the headquarters of Gazprom. It was opened in 2018 and with its 462 metres is currently the tallest building in Europe. The founding of Peter and Paul Fortress on May 27, 1703 also commemorates the founding of St. Petersburg. Despite the unfavorable marsh conditions, it took only four months for 20,000 conscripts to build the fortress. Originally built with wood, it was later redone in stone under the influence of Domenico Trezzini. Despite the title fortress, [ Hello, my name is Irena. I was born in Russia in 1974 during the Soviet era. I worked as a Russian teacher and as a translator and interpreter for the past 20 years. One of my main hobbies is traveling. I started this blog with one aim: to create the most comprehensive guide ever written for traveling to Russia and beyond. Author of Russia Travel Guide
After a long break from 1924 with the construction of the fortress complex and the cathedral turned into a museum, it was not until 2000 that religious services were resumed. Peter M. Smith is a managing director in the Private Equity business at Fortress Investment Group LLC and is also a member of the firm's Management Committee. Mr. Smith joined Fortress in May 1998, prior to which he worked at UBS and, before that, at BlackRock Financial Management Inc. from 1996 to 1998. Mr Peter and Paul Fortress is where you can get a feel for St Petersburg's more than 300 year old history.. The crown jewel of St. Petersburg lies at the center of the Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island (Hare Island), across the Neva River from the heart of the city. The Peter and Paul Cathedral, with its tall, needle-like spire, towers majestically above its surroundings in tribute to. The Peter and Paul Fortress Visit Peter and Paul Fortress in St Petersburg with a private guide and learn about its rich history on a 2-hour walking tour! The sprawling site is fascinating to explore, with old prison buildings and an ornate Baroque cathedral The Petrovsky Gate or Gate of Peter the Great could be said to be the official entrance to the Peter and Paul Fortress. It dates back to 1708 and was built to commemorate the Russian victory over Sweden in the Great Northern War. The decorations include a bas relief, two statues and an imposing shield.
Peter & Paul Fortress or Petropavlovskaya Krepost in Saint Petersburg is located on Zayachy island and is the historical core of the city. It was laid on may 27, 1703, according to the plan of the engineer Joseph Lambert de Guerin from France with the drawings of Peter I Facing the Golovkin Bastion is the Museum of the History of Money, which is attached to the Mint, but is located in another building called Anninsky Cavalieri.
If you are going to visit the Cathedral and the Trubetskoy Prison (the two main attractions of the fortress), it is worth it to buy the combination ticket.It is also possible to visit other exhibitions (not included in the combination ticket), such as the porcelain, ceramics and glassware collections, as well as the exhibition of furniture from the 18th century to the present, but normally only with guided group tours within the State Museum of History. Amongst those incarcerated there were Peter the Great's own son Tsarevich Alexei, the great writer Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Lenin's brother Aleksandr Ulyanov Its products have a high quality and reputation worldwide, and have received numerous awards. A must-see for fans of coin collecting.
Peter and Paul Fortress here our city was founded in 1703.Peter the Great started a fortress to protect the lands won back from Sweden. Now it is one of the most important 18th century fortresses in Russia and Europe.St Peter and Paul Cathedral is the burial place of almost all Russian Tsars from Peter the Great up to the last Russian Tsar. Peter and Paul Fortress, the birthplace of the city and its heart, is located on a small Hare island in the city centre. The fortress was founded by Peter the Great in 1703 as he needed to secure his positions on the Baltic coast in the course of the Northern war Peter and Paul Cathedral. Peter the Great began construction of the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1703 to defend the city from attack during the Russian war with Sweden (1700-1721) . When the stronghold was completed in 1740, the Swedes were long subdued and Peter the Great was dead. However, the fort did not sit idle during this time If you want to know what objects you will find in this exhibition, you can see this vídeo about its opening.Please note that admission to both the island and the fortress is free (but not the tours of the buildings inside, for which there is usually a fee). However, you have to observe the following schedules for each day:
The Peter and Paul fortress is immediately recognizable thanks to its needle-like spire rising up into the St. Petersburg sky. However, its distinctive story also attracts visitors. Enter into its interior and find out more about its various purposes over the years A very typical event in St. Petersburg is the firing of a cannon from the fortress every day at 12 noon, a cannon shot coming directly from the Naryshkin Bastion. It’s easy to get a good scare if it catches you off guard. This tradition goes back to 1730 onwards, but it became regular in 1873. It stopped in 1934, but was revived in 1957. Find peter and paul fortress stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day The Peter-Paul Cathedral in the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg is the site of most of the graves of the Romanov rulers from Peter the Great onward, with Peter's grave is at the front right. (The remains of Nicholas II and his family were re-interred there in 1998). Originally, only the tsar and the immediate family could be buried in. Peter tried to attract the son to his business, to give him an education, but it was all in vain - the prince fled abroad. By the order of his father, he was returned and imprisoned in the Peter and Paul fortress, where he died in 1718 and was buried in yet unfinished Peter and Paul Cathedral. Soon a legend was born
Beach of Peter and Paul Fortress; Search. COVID-19 Update: To limit the spread of the coronavirus, attractions may be closed or have partial closures. Please consult government travel advisories before booking. More information can be found here. Beach of Peter and Paul Fortress Also, on the grounds of the fortress is another cemetery, the St. Peter and Paul Fortress Commandant's Cemetery, which contains military graves. During the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia, Czar Peter the Great built in 1703 the St. Peter and Paul Fortress, which is located on Zayachii Island in the Neva River surrounded by the city. The Peter and Paul Fortress (Petropavlovskaya Krepost) was the first building or structure built by Peter the Great in the city of St Petersburg. A giant fortification, the Peter and Paul Fortress was founded in 1703 in order to defend the city from Swedish attack as, at the time, Russia and Sweden were engaged in the Great Northern War Peter and Paul Fortress Guided Tour. After meeting up at the Gorkovskaya Metro Station in Saint Petersburg, we'll set off on foot towards the nearby Zayachi Island, or Hare Island, a tiny piece of land in the Neva River where the imposing Peter and Paul Fortress is located. Why did the legendary Tsar Peter the Great choose a small, swampy island to build a large defensive fortress
2. WHAT YOU WILL FIND at the Peter and Paul Fortress. The first thing to be mentioned is that it is a citadel or historic fortification with quite a few, very varied museum sites and buildings, apart from outdoor areas (which include a fine sand beach), as well as the famous SS.Peter and Paul Cathedral, where the czars of Imperial Russia are buried, starting with Peter the Great himself, and. The Fortress is the cradle of the city and St. Petersburg's first settlement. Now a tourist complex, it houses the famous Cathedral of the Saint Apostles Peter and Paul, along with numerous museums, galleries and spectacular river-side views. The proudest offerings are the large Commandant's Ho
“Bring your camera - the views of the city from the fortress walls are amazing, anytime of year.” The Fortress and the city foundation. Peter and Paul Fortress was founded on May 27th , 1703. This day also marks the beginning of the city's foundation. As legend has it, Peter I chose a special place for the new fortress - it was a small Zayachy island (Jenisaari in Finnish), situated in the estuary of the Neva river In building the Peter and Paul Fortress Peter was. attempting to secure for Russia the Neva River delta which at the time was a part of Sweden. The original fortifications were made of earth and wood, but by 1706 stone was being used. It was 35 years before the massive 12 meter walls were completed and by that time the war with Sweden was long.
By the way, look closely at the 50-rouble banknote that may fall into your hands; on the back of this note the Peter and Paul Fortress appears in the background:. The Peter and Paul Fortress. Duration: 2 hours. Activity level: Moderate. Built in 1703 on the smallest island of the Neva river delta, the Peter and Paul Fortress was supposed to defend the city from enemies. Nowdays it is a truly unique complex, which houses several museums and the burial site of members. For 750 roubles you can buy a combination ticket that will admit you to the main museums and exhibitions of the fortress (individual price for each museum or exhibition in parentheses):
The Peter and Paul Fortress is also home to St Petersburg's most unusual statue of Emperor Peter the Great. The monument was unveiled in 1991 and became the fourth major statue of Peter the Great in the city (after the Bronze Horseman, the monument outside Mikhailovsky Castle and the Tsar-Carpenter). It is the work of sculptor Mikhail Shemyakin. To protect the newly regained lands Peter and Paul's Fortress was founded on a little Hare's Island. The fortress developed into a city under the rule of the Romanovs - the ruling dynasty in Russia from Peter's grandfather Mikhail until the last Russian emperor Nicholas II The Peter and Paul fortress today Passing through the St John Gate into the ravelin of the same name, one's attention is immediately drawn to the main gate of the fortress located in the centre of the curtain wall connecting the Tsar Bastion (on the left) and the Menshikov Bastion (on the right) The Peter and Paul Fortress is the greatest Russian citadel of the gunpowder age. Because of its extended western border and endless frontiers in the east, it was impractical for Russia to defend itself with fortresses and traditionally built few . Petersburg, Russia that includes a fun family activity
World Cosmonautics Day is celebrated on April 12, the same day as the first manned space flight in 1961by the Soviet Yuri Gagarin, who orbited the Earth in the space capsule Vostok-1 for the first time. On that day, admission to the museum is usually free.…the foundation stones for the Peter-Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island. This date is taken as the founding date of St. Petersburg. In the spring of the following year, Peter established the fortress of Kronshlot (later Kronshtadt), on Kotlin Island in the Gulf of Finland, to protect the approaches to the… Today we continue our cultural tour and we're going to visit the Peter and Paul Fortress. Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia This is where the city of St. Petersburg was founded in 1703 Peter and Paul Fortress is located on Zayachy Island, reachable via two walking bridges (Ioannovskiy and Kronverk) from the north bank of the Neva River. The closest metro station is Gorkovskaya (Line 2), from where it's about a 5-minute walk across the Ioannovsky Bridge to reach the fortress Peter and Paul Fortress. The fortress was established by Peter the Great on May 16 (by the Julian Calendar, hereafter indicated using (J); May 27 by the Gregorian Calendar) 1703 on small Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River, the last upstream island of the Neva delta. Built at the height of the Northern War in order to protect the projected capital from a feared Swedish.
I’m sure that its founder would never have imagined the subsequent boom and beauty of the city, with its different islands and a multitude of connected waterways, which is why it has been called “the Venice of the North”. Currently, close to 350 bridges (about thirteen of them mobile) connect the entire urban fabric. The Cathedral of Ss Peter and Paul, the oldest church in St. Petersburg, is located within the Peter and Paul Fortress on an island near the northern bank of the Neva River.The cathedral was built under the direction of Tsar Peter I in the early eighteenth century and became the burial place for members of the Romanov dynasty. The original wooden church was the first church in the city of St. The Peter and Paul Fortress is the part of the State Museum of Saint Petersburg History. It is the oldest construction in the city. The fortress is situated at the mouth of the Neva River, on Hare Island
In 1703, Peter the Great established St. Petersburg. He ordered that a fortress be established on Zayachy (Hare) Island on the Neva to protect the land taken back from Sweden. The fortress was the Peter and Paul Fortress - an aerial view is depicted immediately below The Peter and Paul Fortress. Designed to protect newly acquired lands from invading Swedes (it worked - the Swedes were kept at bay for almost three centuries and only now are able to realize their historic imperial ambitions through trendy restaurants, luxury hotels, and catering companies), the hexagonal shaped Peter and Paul Fortress lost its military significance before it was completed
Peter & Paul Fortress or Petropavlovskaya Krepost in Saint Petersburg is located on Zayachy island and is the historical core of the city. It was laid on may 27, 1703, according to the plan of the engineer Joseph Lambert de Guerin from France with the drawings of Peter I. From this day, the history of St. Petersburg is counted Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg. It was founded by Peter the Great in 1703. Peter and Paul Fortress is a unique example of Russian fortifications from the early 18-th century. There is a number of historical buildings on the territory of the fortress The Peter and Paul Fortress is also the centre of a number of St. Petersburg urban traditions, among them the daily firing of the cannon from the Naryshkin Bastion at noon. Many people come here to witness the noon cannon shot , which is a daily tradition since the 19th century
On this map you can check all the museums and exhibitions (numbered in red), as well as the architectural structures of the fortress such as the bastions or entrance gates (numbered in green):If you have visited the Museum of Cosmonuatics in Moscow, you probably will not think this museum in St. Petersburg is that interesting.
Next to the Koryushka Restaurant you have a fine sand beach, much frequented in summer, so you can end your visit with a nice swim in the Neva River. Download Peter paul fortress stock photos at the best stock photography agency with millions of premium high quality, royalty-free stock photos, images and pictures at reasonable prices Just 0.6 mi from the Palace Bridge and the Hermitage Museum, Tradition Hotel is conveniently located close to Saint Petersburg's main attractions. Petrogradskiy, Saint Petersburg (0.4 miles from Peter and Paul Fortress) Apartment near Peter and Paul Fortress is located in the Petrogradskiy. Peter and paul fortress. - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. No membership needed
Bastion of the Peter and Paul fortress. Among them was the already world-famous writer Maxim Gorky, who made an appeal on the evening of January 9 To all Russian citizens and public opinion of all European governments. Gorky was released in a few weeks thanks to a widespread campaign in Russia and abroad in his defence After your guided tour of the St. Peter and Paul Cathedral and Fortress grounds, you'll continue on a drive along the embankments of the Neva River. Continue to St. Isaac's Cathedral for outside photo opportunity. The tour ends at St. Isaac's Square from where your coach will take you back to the pier
While the cathedral of the fortress was built very early, between 1712 and 1733, many of the other buildings were built between the 18th and 19th centuries.Out of respect for the sacred, there are no benches and you cannot sit down. The tombs are impressive and are made of white marble. Also outstanding are the golden Baroque iconostasis and the icons.This exhibition, opened in January 2019, includes more than 600 items related to various areas of science and technology used in St. Petersburg from the mid-19th century to the late 20th century. St. Peter's Gate (Petrovskiye Vorota) at the Peter and Paul Fortress, designed by Trezzini in 1708 Within the fortress walls, the first building to appear was the Church of Ss. Peter and Paul, a wooden version of which was consecrated on 1 April 1704 Hi, I’m Irena Domingo. I was born in Russia in 1974 during the Soviet era. I started this blog with one aim: to create the most comprehensive guide ever written for traveling to Russia and beyond.
If you prefer, there are also private agencies that organize guided tours of the Peter and Paul Fortress.. One of them, called Trubetskoy, was built in the 1870s and served as a prison, which had already been in existence in the adjoining space since the 18th century.
The first thing to be mentioned is that it is a citadel or historic fortification with quite a few, very varied museum sites and buildings, apart from outdoor areas (which include a fine sand beach), as well as the famous SS. Peter and Paul Cathedral, where the czars of Imperial Russia are buried, starting with Peter the Great himself, and including Nicholas II and his family. All you need to know to visit the Peter and Paul Fortress. History, interesting facts and tips will make this trip so worth your tim Subsequently, the damage from World War II bombings made it necessary to restore the fortress, and since 1973 it has been the V. P. Glushko Museum of Space Exploration and Rocket Technology. The Peter & Paul Fortress, is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia. It was founded in 1703, by Peter the Great and is the oldest building in the city. History. The building was founded in 1703, on the small Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River. The origins of the building, stems from a war Peter was fighting with Sweden
MUSEUMS > PETER AND PAUL FORTRESS PETER AND PAUL FORTRESS FORTRESS About Fortress | Plan. Peter and Paul Fortress was founded by Peter I in 1703. Besides the ancient fortifications, on the grounds of the fortress one can visit the Sts Peter and Paul Cathedral of the early XVII century (architect D.Trezzini) with the burial vault of Peter the Great and other Russian tsars, the museum in. The founder of the city has his own tribute in the fortress in the form of a statue where he is seated and has a disproportionate body. It is located just opposite the Guardhouse on the main avenue of the citadel. Peter Paul Fortress, located on the right bank of the Neva River in the city centre, is a famous ancient building in St. Petersburg. The fortress was laid by Peter the Great on Rabbit Island in 1703 and later expanded to build the hexagonal castle
During the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks took control of the fortress on October 25, 1917. Later, in 1924, most of the citadel was turned into a museum. However, on November 8, 1925 the City Council of Leningrad (the name of the city from 1924 to 1991, after the disappearance of Lenin and as a tribute to him) agreed to its destruction and the construction of a stadium, a decapitated project that was discarded very shortly thereafter.In the time of Peter the Great it marked the start and the end of the working day and warned about floods and important events. In addition, there are usually annual celebrations on the City Day every May 27. As you continue to walk down the main center lane, away from St. Peter's Gate, you soon come to the main attraction of the fortress, the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul (Petropavlovsky Sobor. You searched for: peter paul fortress! Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and one-of-a-kind products and gifts related to your search. No matter what you're looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options Peter and Paul Fortress: | | ||| | An aerial view of the fortress. | | World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available.
Given the number and variety of sites to see in the fortress, I have divided them into two groups: first, the museums and exhibitions (I’ll focus on the most important) and, secondly, the architectural structures (walls, bastions, entrance gates or statues). The original citadel of St Petersburg, the Peter and Paul Fortress was founded on Zayachy Island in 1703 and remains one of the city's main attractions This is dedicated to the everyday life of St. Petersburg in the 18th and 19th centuries. It displays maps, paintings or archaeological finds. It deals with subjects such as trade, transportation, fashion, food, housing or leisure.
The fortress is usually crowded in summer as it is the second most visited tourist attraction in St. Petersburg (after the Hermitage). The tour will help you learn about the history of this very beautiful and, we might say, still young city, with more than three hundred years behind it.From the “Nevskaya Panorama” viewing platform, you can walk along the walls of the fortress across a wooden walkway overlooking the historic centre of St. Petersburg (open 10:00 a.m. – 7:30 p.m.). Peter and Paul Fortress (until February 1917, St. Petersburg Fortress; between February and November 1917, Petrograd Fortress), a fortress in Leningrad, on Zaiachii Island. The foundation of the Peter and Paul Fortress (then the fortress of Sankt-Piter-Burkh) was laid on May 16 (27), 1703. This date marks the founding of St. Petersburg. The fortress. I hope this article has been useful to you in organizing your visit to the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, a place that can be a bit confusing. I hope your concerns have been addressed in this article. If you have questions or comments you can leave them below.“Don't forget to walk up the fortress walls - its not a hard walk, but if it is snowy, be careful.”
In addition to the above, there are also other access gates such as the Nikolsky, Vasilyevsky or Kronwerk gates. Download 161 Peter Paul Fortress Courtyard Stock Photos for FREE or amazingly low rates! New users enjoy 60% OFF. 132,041,087 stock photos online
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2.1 km from Peter and Paul Fortress A full-service spa, 3 restaurants, and an indoor pool are all featured at this luxury hotel. Families will appreciate the onsite laundry facilities, kid-friendly dining, and in-room childcare
Visit Peter and Paul Fortress in St Petersburg with a private guide and learn about its rich history on a 3-hour walking tour! The sprawling site is fascinating to explore, with old prison buildings and an ornate Baroque cathedral. Visit Trubetskoy Bastion, a prison-turned-museum and gaze in awe at the extravagant interior of Peter and Paul Cathedral where Tsar Peter the Great is buried As there was almost no space left, in 1896 work on the Grand Ducal Burial Vault began in order to expand the space for tombs in the Cathedral, especially for dukes and duchesses. Its style is Neo-baroque. Peter and Paul Fortress is open daily from 9.30 am to 9 pm, with final admission at 8 pm. The ticket offices and information desks are open from 10 am. The Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral and the Trubetskoy Bastion Prison are open from 10 am to 6 pm, except on Sunday when the cathedral opens at 11 am This bastion is dedicated to one of the chief military commanders and administrators of Peter the Great, who supervised the construction of the fortifications. From this bastion hangs the flag of the fortress or the imperial standard on holidays and imperial visits.The birth of St. Petersburg, the first capital of the Russian Empire from its foundation until 1918, coincides with the building of the Peter and Paul Fortress on May 27, 1703 on the Banks of the Neva River on what used to be a swampy surface where many hares lived, hence the name Zayachy Island (or The Island of Hares).
The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's designs from 1706 to 1740 as a star fortress. In the early 1920s, it was still used as a prison and execution ground by the Bolshevik government. [citat History of Peter and Paul Fortress. Petersburg was founded as a fortress for defence of access to the Baltic sea for Russia, which was won during the Northern War. Fortress was founded on the Zajatchij (Hare) island May 16 (May 27 by old style), 1703. The fortifications were earthen at first Bear in mind that this attraction is not included in the combination ticket and costs 300 roubles. Do not confuse this attraction with the hotel of the same name.
The history of the Peter and Paul Fortress dates back to the 17th century when the Russian lands along the Baltic Sea were occupied by Sweden. After this Russia became landlocked. In 1700 Russian tsar Peter I started the war against the Swedes known as the Great Northern war which lasted till 1721 The fortress itself was named after one of its own parts - the cathedral, located right in its centre, which was named after the saints Peter and Paul. It was founded at the same time as the walls of the fortress were being built and determined the name Peter and Paul fortress Peter and Paul Fortress, The Street of Time. 11.00-18.00 Exhibition halls in the Nevsky Curtain, Ioannovsky Ravelin, in the dying and casemate of the Sovereign Bastion 11.00-18.00 On the territory of the Peter and Paul Fortress, temporary exhibitions, excursion routes, cultural and educational programs and lectures are held along the main.
Peter and Paul Fortress in St Petersburg. For more than three hundred years Saint Petersburg has stood on the banks of the Neva River. The city was founded on the ancient trade route that has for centuries connected the East and West Tomb of Peter the Great in Peter and Paul Fortress. Peter has been featured in many books, plays, films, and games, including the poems The Bronze Horseman, Poltava and the unfinished novel The Moor of Peter the Great, all by Alexander Pushkin. The former dealt with The Bronze Horseman, an equestrian statue raised in Peter's honour
The first structure ever built in Saint Petersburg, Peter and Paul Fortress serves as the final resting place of all Russian monarchs from Peter the Great to Alexander III. Constructed in 1703, the fortress takes up the better part of a small island in the river Neva. Designed to repel possible. DetailsVisit websiteHours:grounds 9.30am-8pm, cathedral & bastion 10am-7pm Mon, Thu & Fri, 10am-5.45pm Sat, 11am-7pm SunPrice:grounds free, SS Peter & Paul Cathedral adult/child R450/250, combined ticket for 5 exhibitions R600/350Individual tickets are needed for each of the fortress’s attractions – though a combined entrance ticket gives access to Peter & Paul Cathedral, the Trubetskoy Bastion and three other sites. The main entrance is across the Ioannovsky Bridge at the island's northeast end; there's also access via the Kronwerk Bridge, which is within walking distance of Sportivnaya metro station. The oldest building in St Petersburg, the grandiose Peter and Paul Fortress is the perfect destination for culture seekers and history buffs. Planned by Peter the Great as a defense against possible attacks from the Swedes, the fortress never served its original purpose as they were defeated before its completion, and the six bastions at its.
In this exhibition you can learn about the history of the construction and improvements of the fortress. You can see the different architectural designs, photographs, engravings or maps of the citadel, which will show you its evolution, location and strategic importance. Peter And Paul Fortress Address: St Petersburg, Russia, 197046, Saint Petersburg Peter And Paul Fortress Contact Number: +7-8122306431 Peter And Paul Fortress Timing: 10:00 am - 04:00 p Peter and Paul Fortress It was built as a war fortress as at that time Russia was involved in the Great Northern war against Sweden for the going to the Baltic Sea. The island was very nicely located in the mouth of the Neva river and it helped to control the ships entering the river from the Gulf of Finland Nowadays it is a branch of the very important Russian company, Goznak (http://spmd.goznak.ru/en/ in English), one of the oldest in the world for the production of coins, medals and commemorative badges. It has valuable and beautiful pieces made of precious and non-precious metals. They also make jewellery or religious objects, among other things.